Simplified diagram of the human Circulatory sy...
Simplified diagram of the human Circulatory system
in anterior view. Français : Diagramme simplifié
du système circulatoire humain en vue
antérieure (en Anglais). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
By Alan Knight

Your body’s circulatory system is responsible for sending blood, oxygen, and nutrients throughout the body.  When blood flow to a specific area of the body is reduced, you may experience the symptoms of poor circulation.  Poor circulation is most common in your extremities, such as your legs and arms. Poor circulation isn’t a condition in itself, but a result of other health issues.

Several conditions can lead to poor circulation.  The most common causes include obesity, diabetes, heart conditions, and arterial issues.  Let’s look at this further.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) can lead to poor circulation in your legs.  PAD is a circulatory condition that causes narrowing of the blood vessels and arteries.  In an associated condition call atherosclerosis, arteries stiffen due to plaque buildup in the arteries and blood vessels.  Both conditions decrease blood flow to your extremities and can result in pain.

Over time, reduced blood flow in your extremities can cause numbness, tingling, nerve damage, and eventually tissue damage.  Eventually, if left untreated, reduced blood flow and plaque in your carotid arteries may result in a stroke.  If plaque buildup takes place in the arteries in your heart, you run the risk of having a heart attack.

English: The illustration shows how a varicose...
English: The illustration shows how a varicose vein forms in a leg. Figure A shows a normal vein with a working valve and normal blood flow. Figure B shows a varicose vein with a deformed valve, abnormal blood flow, and thin, stretched walls. The middle image shows where varicose veins might appear in a leg. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
PAD is most common in adults over age 50, but it can also occur in younger people.  Smokers are at a higher risk than non-smokers for acquiring PAD develop early in life.

Blood clots partially or entirely block the flow of blood.  They can develop almost anywhere in your body, but a blood clot that develops in your arms or legs can lead to circulation problems.

Blood clots can develop for a variety of reasons, and they can be dangerous.  If a blood clot in your leg breaks away, it can pass through other parts of your body including your heart and lungs.  When this happens, the results may be serious, even deadly.

Varicose veins are enlarged veins caused by incompetent venous valves.  The veins appear gnarled and engorged, and they are most often found on the back of the legs.  The damaged veins cannot move blood as efficiently as other blood vessels, so poor circulation may become a problem.  Although rare, varicose veins can also cause blood clots.

Your genes largely determine whether or not you’ll develop varicose veins.  If a relative has varicose veins, your risk is higher.

Diabetes can cause problems in many areas of your body.  Poor circulation caused by diabetes can cause leg cramping, and more specifically cramping in your calves.  This cramping may be especially bad when you’re physically active.  People with advanced diabetes may have a difficult time detecting the signs of poor circulation because diabetic neuropathy can cause reduced sensation in your extremities.
English: Overview of the most significant poss...
English: Overview of the most significant possible symptoms of diabetes. See Wikipedia:Diabetes#Signs_and_symptoms for references. Model: Mikael Häggström. To discuss image, please see Template talk:Häggström diagrams (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Diabetes can cause heart and blood vessel problems, and people with diabetes are at an increased risk for atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

Obesity puts a burden on your body.  Plus, if you’re overweight, sitting or standing for hours may lead to additional circulation problems. Obesity also puts you at an increased risk for many of the other causes of poor circulation, including varicose veins and blood vessel problems.

People who experience chronically cold hands and feet may have a condition called Raynaud’s disease.  This disease causes the small arteries in your hands and toes to narrow.  Narrowed arteries are less capable of moving blood through your body, so you may begin experiencing symptoms of poor circulation.  The symptoms of Raynaud’s disease are particularly prevalent when you’re in cold temperatures or experiencing an unusual level of stress.

Let’s look at some commonsense home remedies that can help deal with poor circulation.  Make sure, first and foremost, that if you are suffering from circulatory disorders you consult your doctor.

Courtesy of
Exercise is the best way to promote good blood circulation.  Believe it or not, just performing mild aerobic exercises is enough to improve blood flow.    One trainer suggested:

  • Walk for a minimum of 30 minutes, at least 5 times a week. 
  • Enjoy swimming, jogging, biking, trekking and similar activities, a few times a week.
  • Do simple foot and hand exercises for 15 minutes daily in the morning 

You don’t have to over-exert yourself with exercise.   You shouldn’t overly stress your body if your circulation is poor.

Regular massage can help move blood through the congested areas.  A relaxing massage of the whole body helps dilate the blood vessels, which in turn facilitates blood flow.

Testimonial on the therapeutic benefits of a TubKing Walk in tub.

Hydrotherapy is another simple and effective way to improve blood circulation.  It helps dilate the blood vessels and thus promotes blood flow.  The newly introduced Walk In Tub offers a convenient and compact device with multiple hydrotherapy features.  It allows the person to walk into the tub by way of a watertight door.  They can then sit on the ADA compliant seat and fill the tub with warm water.  Most Walk in Tubs stand about 40 inches high with a seat that is 17 inches from the floor.  The person can simply recline and enjoy the benefits of soaking in warm water to help relax the body.  

Courtesy of
But there is more.  These tubs typically come with two systems.  Air jets send warm air into the water to create thousands of therapeutic bubbles.  This stimulates the skins and helps with circulation.  There is also a control for introducing water jets.  This feature will more vigorously massage the body and stimulate circulation.  The jets are adjustable and can direct the water to any part of the body.  Directing the jets toward the feet can work wonders.  These tubs also come safety features, such as the low entry threshold, to guard against falling, and the slip resistant floor and seat.  A convenient interior grab bar and easy-reach controls makes it a perfect safety tub.

Poor circulation is no laughing matter.  Talk to your medical professional and try the simple suggestions above for a happier and healthier life.

In this article, I have discussed how to improve poor blood circulation through various methods including exercise, various therapies’ and the use of a Walk in Tub.  I detail how these various methods can improve your quality of life, so that living with poor blood circulation can become easier.

Would you like to receive a FREE COPY of our new e-book? Tub King's Ultimate Guide to Cast Iron/Porcelain Tubs, Walk-in Tubs & Safety Suite Showers.  Fill in the form below and we will send it to you for free! It is also for sale and you can see/buy it on by clicking on this link.

Have a question? Feel free to contact me at the number or email listed at the end of this article and I will personally get back to you. It’s been my pleasure sharing this information with you.

Alan Knight is the owner of Tub King, Inc., and  in 
Jacksonville,  Florida. He has many years of experience in the antique and senior bathtub industries. In addition to providing superior products, Tub King has been honored with “Best of Jacksonville Chamber Awards” for four years running. If you would like to contact Alan Knight, call (800) 409-3375 or (800) 843-4231; or send an email to

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